Eighteen (38%) of 48 COVID-19 patients younger than 17 years hospitalized in 14 pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) in the United States from Mar 14 to Apr 3 required mechanical ventilation, but all but 2 survived, according to a multicenter, cross-sectional study published today in JAMA Pediatrics.
Thirty-three patients (69%) were seriously or critically ill, and 12 (25%) needed drugs to regulate their blood pressure. Thirty-nine patients (81%) required respiratory support, and 21 (44%) received noninvasive ventilation. Six patients (13%) needed additional modes of ventilation or life support.
Median age was 13 years, and 8 (17%) were younger than 1 year. Twenty-five patients (52%) were male. Median length of PICU stay for those released from the hospital was 5 days (range, 3 to 9 days), and median length of hospital stay was 7 days (range, 4 to 13 days).