chuka_lis (chuka_lis) wrote,
chuka_lis
chuka_lis

вирус эбола- подготовка к борьбе с эпидемией в сша

одно из известных средств борьбы с распространением инфекции- эпидемией - это изоляция инфекционного больного и карантин.
 что касается вируса эбола- то пока, ввиду отсутствия специфичных средств лечения и вакцин, именно карантин и изоляция- единственные способы как-то предотвратить и обуздать распространение заболевания.
 надо заметить, что законодательно сша уже озаботилось, о том, что государство имеет возможность изолировать инфекционных больных.
под вопросом только материальная база - реальная  возможность эффективно изолировать заболевших (и друг от друга- тоже, желательно), так как "инфекционных" больниц, боксов и изоляторов как таковых нет,  не то чтобы совсем нет, но только в редких местах, сопряженные с исследовательскими целями.
 в 2003м году, когда актульна была опасность заполучить атипичную пневмонию, Буш подписал указ, в который внес ее (на основе предыдущего).
 - исполнительный указ 13295:

[законы по карантинам]

Executive Order 13295: Revised List Of Quarantinable Communicable Diseases

For Immediate Release
April 4, 2003

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including section 361(b) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 264(b)), it is hereby ordered as follows:

Section 1. Based upon the recommendation of the Secretary of Health and Human Services (the "Secretary"), in consultation with the Surgeon General, and for the purpose of specifying certain communicable diseases for regulations providing for the apprehension, detention, or conditional release of individuals to prevent the introduction, transmission, or spread of suspected communicable diseases, the following communicable diseases are hereby specified pursuant to section 361(b) of the Public Health Service Act:

(a) Cholera; Diphtheria; infectious Tuberculosis; Plague; Smallpox; Yellow Fever; and Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers (Lassa, Marburg, Ebola, Crimean-Congo, South American, and others not yet isolated or named).

(b) Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), which is a disease associated with fever and signs and symptoms of pneumonia or other respiratory illness, is transmitted from person to person predominantly by the aerosolized or droplet route, and, if spread in the population, would have severe public health consequences.

Sec. 2. The Secretary, in the Secretary's discretion, shall determine whether a particular condition constitutes a communicable disease of the type specified in section 1 of this order.

Sec. 3. The functions of the President under sections 362 and 364(a) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 265 and 267(a)) are assigned to the Secretary.

Sec. 4. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit enforceable at law or equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, entities, officers, employees or agents, or any other person.

Sec. 5. Executive Order 12452 of December 22, 1983, is hereby revoked.

George W. Bush

The White House,

April 4, 2003.

всего в сша было 7 таких, с 1944 года, где варьировался список заболеваний.
 в положениях по дезинфекции, задержанию, изоляции и карантину- освобождению, руководствуются
The Public Health Service Act (42 U.S. Code § 264 (a-b)) (link)
Signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on July 1, 1944

(a) Promulgation and enforcement by Surgeon General


The Surgeon General, with the approval of the Secretary, is authorized to make and enforce such regulations as in his judgment are necessary to prevent the introduction, transmission, or spread of communicable diseases from foreign countries into the States or possessions, or from one State or possession into any other State or possession. For purposes of carrying out and enforcing such regulations, the Surgeon General may provide for such inspection, fumigation, disinfection, sanitation, pest extermination, destruction of animals or articles found to be so infected or contaminated as to be sources of dangerous infection to human beings, and other measures, as in his judgment may be necessary.

(b) Apprehension, detention, or conditional release of individuals
Regulations prescribed under this section shall not provide for the apprehension, detention, or conditional release of individuals except for the purpose of preventing the introduction, transmission, or spread of such communicable diseases as may be specified from time to time in Executive orders of the President upon the recommendation of the Secretary, in consultation with the Surgeon General, [1].



на днях Обамой был подписан 8 вариант.
For Immediate Release
July 31, 2014

Executive Order -- Revised List of Quarantinable Communicable Diseases

EXECUTIVE ORDER
- - - - - - -
REVISED LIST OF QUARANTINABLE COMMUNICABLE DISEASES

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including section 264(b) of title 42, United States Code, it is hereby ordered as follows:

Section 1.  Amendment to Executive Order 13295.  Based upon the recommendation of the Secretary of Health and Human Services, in consultation with the Acting Surgeon General, and for the purposes set forth in section 1 of Executive Order 13295 of April 4, 2003, as amended by Executive Order 13375 of April 1, 2005, section 1 of Executive Order 13295 shall be further amended by replacing subsection (b) with the following:

"(b) Severe acute respiratory syndromes, which are diseases that are associated with fever and signs and symptoms of pneumonia or other respiratory illness, are capable of being transmitted from person to person, and that either are causing, or have the potential to cause, a pandemic, or, upon infection, are highly likely to cause mortality or serious morbidity if not properly controlled.  This subsection does not apply to influenza."

Sec. 2.  General Provisions.  (a)  Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect:

(i) the authority granted by law to an executive department, agency, or the head thereof; or

(ii) the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.

(b)  This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.

BARACK OBAMA


или вариант

(a) Cholera; Diphtheria; infectious Tuberculosis; Plague; Smallpox; Yellow Fever; and Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers (Lassa, Marburg, Ebola, Crimean-Congo, South American, and others not yet isolated or named).

(b) Severe acute respiratory syndromes, which are diseases that are associated with fever and signs and symptoms of pneumonia or other respiratory illness, are capable of being transmitted from person to person, and that either are causing, or have the potential to cause, a pandemic, or, upon infection, are highly likely to cause mortality or serious morbidity if not properly controlled. This subsection does not apply to influenza.

(c) Influenza caused by novel or reemergent influenza viruses that are causing, or have the potential to cause, a pandemic.


так что последний указ, существенно "расширил" список, добавив острые симптомы инфекций верхних и нижних дыхательных путей - это как раз касается и атипичной пневмонии, потенциального" птичьего гриппа", и распространенных первых проявлений лихорадки эбола (которая, никуда и не убиралась из текста).
 правда, хочется верить что до практики дело не дойдет.

Tags: вирус эбола, сша
Subscribe

  • Сказка бабушки Люды

    Три брата-царевича и молодильные яблоки В стародавние времена в некотором царстве, в некотором государстве жил был старый царь. И было у царя…

  • Ликвидаторы аварий на буровых

    Прочла цикл " Фонтанщики" у пользователя жж holonist и было интересно - нетривиальная работа, познавательные мемуары. Да и можно…

  • Полезно почитать

    Medical Myths That Can Kill You: And the 101 Truths That Will Save, Extend, and Improve Your Life by Nancy L. Snyderman M.D. When Doctors…

  • Post a new comment

    Error

    Anonymous comments are disabled in this journal

    default userpic

    Your reply will be screened

    Your IP address will be recorded 

  • 0 comments